Log in
The logo for the Archives Association of Ontario. When clicked on, you will be taken to the home page.

Anti-racism Educational resources

This is an evergreen project, which means it will evolve over time. General comments or suggestions for improvement are welcome and can be directed, by email to the AAO Web Administrator.

Please visit the Toward Truth and Reconciliation page for a list of resources related to the legacy residential schools, a critical examination of colonialism, and Indigenous issues in Canada and the Indigenous Resources page for a list of online exhibits and archival material related to Indigenous communities in Ontario.



        • Ansloos, J.P. (2017). The Medicine of Peace: Indigenous Youth Decolonizing Healing and Resisting Violence.
        • Battell Lowman, E. & Barker, A.J. (2015). Settler: Identity and Colonialism in 21st Century Canada.  
        • Benjamin, A., Este, D., James, C., Lloyd, B., Bernard, W.T. & Turner, T. (2010). Race & Well-being: The Lives, Hopes, and Activism of African Canadians.
        • Bishop, A. (2015). Becoming an Ally: Breaking the Cycle of Oppression in People.   
        • Brand, D. (2002). A Map to the Door of No Return: Notes to Belonging.
        • Camfield, D. (2017). We Can Do Better: Ideas for Changing Society.
        • Cardinal, C. (2018). Ohpikiihaakan-ohpihmeh (Raised somewhere else): A 60s Scoop Adoptee’s Story of Coming Home.
        • Coburn, E (Ed.). (2015). More Will Sing Their Way to Freedom: Indigenous Resistance and Resurgence. 
        • Cole, D. (2020). The skin we’re in: a Year of Black Resistance and Power. 
        • Comack, E. (2012). Racialized Policing: Aboriginal People’s Encounters with the Police.
        • Crosby, A. & Monaghan, J. (2018). Policing Indigenous Movements: Dissent and the Security State.
        • Datta, R (Ed.). (2020).  Reconciliation in Practice: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.
        • Diverlus, R., Hudson, S., & Ware, S.M. (Eds.). (2020). Until We Are Free: Reflections on Black Lives Matter in Canada.
        • Este, D., Lorenzetti, L. & Sato, C. (Eds.).(2018). Racism and Anti-Racism in Canada.
        • Green, J. (Ed.). (2014). Indivisible: Indigenous Human Rights.
        • James, C. (2010). Seeing Ourselves: Exploring Race, Ethnicity and Identity.
        • Knockwood, I. (2015). Out of the Depths: The Experiences of Mi’kmaw Children at the Indian Residential School at Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia.
        • Mackey, E.  (2016). Unsettled Expectations: Uncertainty, Land and Settler Decolonization.
        • Madden, P.C. (2009). African Nova Scotian – Mi’kmaw Relations.
        • Maidment, M. (2009). When Justice Is a Game: Unravelling Wrongful Convictions in Canada.
        • Maynard, R. (2017). Policing Black Lives: State Violence in Canada from Slavery to the Present.
        • Mensah, J & Williams, C.J. (2017). Boomerang Ethics: How Racism Affects Us All.
        • Mensah, J. (2010). Black Canadians: History, Experience, Social Conditions.
        • Palmater, P. (2015). Indigenous Nationhood: Empowering Grassroots Citizens.
        • Pitt, Steve. (2008). To Stand and Fight Together: Richard Pierpoint and the Coloured Corps of Upper Canada.
        • Reynolds, G. (2016). Viola Desmond's Canada: A History of Blacks and Racial Segregation in the Promised Land.
        • Stote, K. (2015). An Act of Genocide: Colonialism and the Sterilization of Aboriginal Women.
        • Talaga, T. (2017). Seven Fallen Feathers: Racism, Death, and Hard Truths in a Northern City.
        • Talaga, T. (2020). All Our Relations: Indigenous Trauma in the Shadow of Colonialism. 
        • Tanovich, D.M. (2006). The Colour of Justice: Policing Race in Canada by David M. Tanovich
        • Tator, C. (2016). Racial Profiling in Canada: Challenging the Myth of "a Few Bad Apples”. 
        • Taylor, C.S. (2016). Flying Fish in the Great White North: The Autonomous Migration of Black Barbadians.
        • Waldon, R.G. (2018). There’s Something In The Water: Environmental Racism in Indigenous & Black Communities. 
        • Wallace, R. (2013).  Merging Fires: Grassroots Peacebuilding Between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Peoples.
        • Wesley, G.A. (2013). If This Is Freedom.
        • Woolford, A. & Nelund, A. (2020). The Politics of Restorative Justice: A Critical Introduction, Second Edition.

Academia, Teaching, and Pedagogy

        • Bell Hooks. (1994). Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom.
        • Bell, D. (1992). Faces at the Bottom of the Well: The Permanence of Racism.
        • Bernard, D.E., Brigham, S.M. (Eds.). (2012). Theorizing Africentricity in Action: Who We Are Is What We See.
        • Cote-Meek, S. & Moeke-Pickering, T. (Eds). (2020). Decolonizing and Indigenizing Education in Canada.
        • Cote-Meek, S. (2014). Colonized Classrooms: Racism, Trauma and Resistance in Post-Secondary Education.
        • Duncan-Andrade, M.R. (2008). The Art of Critical Pedagogy: Possibilities for Moving from Theory to Practice in Urban Schools.
        • Emdin, C. (2016). For White Folks Who Teach in the Hood...and the Rest of Y'all Too: Reality Pedagogy and Urban Education.
        • Gay, G. (2010). Culturally Responsive Teaching: Theory, Research, and Practice. 
        • Ginwright, S. (2009). Black Youth Rising: Activism and Radical Healing in Urban America.
        • Hammond, Z. (2015). Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain: Promoting Authentic Engagement and Rigor Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students.
        • Henry, F., Dua, E., James, C.E., Kobayashi, A., Li, P., Ramos, H., & Smith, M.S. (2017). The Equity Myth: Racialization and Indigeneity at Canadian Universities. 
        • James. C. (2012). Life at the Intersection: Community, Class and Schooling. 
        • Kay, M.R. (2018). Not Light, But Fire: How to Lead Meaningful Race Conversations in the Classroom.
        • Ladson-Billings, G. (2009). Dreamkeepers: Successful Teachers of African American Children. 
        • Love, B. (2019). We Want to Do More Than Survive: Abolitionist Teaching and the Pursuit of Educational Freedom.
        • Lyiscott, J. (2019). Black Appetite. White Food: Issues of Race, Voice, and Justice Within and Beyond the Classroom.
        • Morris. M. (2016). Pushout: The Criminalization of Black Girls in Schools.
        • Noguera, P. (2009). The Trouble With Black Boys: …And Other Reflections on Race, Equity, and the Future of Public Education.
        • Paris, D. & Alim, H.S. (Eds.). (2017). Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies: Teaching and Learning for Justice in a Changing World.
        • Pollock, M. (2008). Everyday Anti-Racism: Getting Real About Race in School.
        • Rodriguez, C.O. (2018). Decolonizing Academia: Poverty, Oppression and Pain.
        • Singleton, G. (2005). Courageous Conversations about Race: A Field Guide for Achieving Equity in Schools.
        • Stevenson, H. (2014). Promoting Racial Literacy in Schools: Differences That Make a Difference.
        • Stewart, A. (2009). You Must be a Basketball Player: Rethinking Integration in the University. 
        • Stovall, D. (2016). Born Out of Struggle: Critical Race Theory, School Creation, and the Politics of Interruption.
        • Tatum, B. (2017). Why Are All The Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria.


        • Bambara, T. C. (1980). The Black Woman: An Anthology.
        • Benjamin, R. (2019).Race After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code. 
        • Carruthers, C. (2018). Unapologetic: A Black, Queer, and Feminist Mandate for Radical Movements.
        • Davis, D-A. (2019). Reproductive Injustice: Racism, Pregnancy, and Premature Birth.
        • Davis. A.Y. (1983). Women, Race & Class. 
        • Gumbs, A.P. (2017). Spill: Scenes of Black Feminist Fugitivity.
        • Johnson, E.P. (2018). Black. Queer. Southern. Women.: An Oral History. 
        • Jones-Rogers, S. E. (2019). They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South.
        • Lorde, A. (1984). Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches.
        • McMillan Cottom, T. (2019). Thick: And Other Essays.
        • Moraga, C. & Anzaldúa, G. (Eds.) (1981). This Bridge Called My Back, Fourth Edition: Writings by Radical Women of Color.
        • Morgan, J. (2000). When Chickenheads Come Home to Roost: A Hip-Hop Feminist Breaks It Down.
        • Morrison, T. (1992). Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination by Toni Morrison
        • Oyewumi, O. (1997). Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses.
        • Rehman, B. & Hernández, D. (Eds.). (2002). Colonize This!: Young Women of Color on Today's Feminism.
        • Snorton, C.R. (2017). Black on Both Sides: A Racial History of Trans Identity.
        • Taylor, K-Y (ed.). (2017). How We Get Free: Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective. 
        • Washington, H. A. (2008). Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present.
        • Williamson, Terrion L. (2016). Scandalize My Name: Black Feminist Practice and the Making of Black Social Life.

Policing and incarceration

        • Alexander, M. (2012). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindnes.
        • Maynard, Robyn. (2017). Policing Black Lives: State Violence in Canada from Slavery to the Present.


        • Anderson, C. (2016). White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of Our Racial Divide.
        • Banaji, M. and Greenwald, A. (2013). Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People.
        • Coates, T.N. (2015). Between the World and Me.
        • DiAngelo, R. (2011). White Fragility.
        • Jewell, T. & Durand, A. (2020). This Book Is Anti-Racist: 20 Lessons on How to Wake Up, Take Action, and Do The Work.
        • Kendi, I. (2019). How to be an Anti-Racist.
        • Kendi, I.X. (2016). Stamped From the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America.
        • Oluo, I. (2018). So You Want to Talk About Race. 
        • Saad, L.F. (2020). Me and White Supremacy.
        • Solomon, A. & Rankin, K. (2019). How We Fight White Supremacy: A Field Guide to Black Resistance.


Journal Articles

        • Botnick, J. (2019). Archivists as Amici Curiae: Activating Critical Archival Theory to Confront Racialized Surveillance. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 5. Retrieved from 
        • Botnick, J. (2019). Archivists as Amici Curiae: Activating Critical Archival Theory to Confront Racialized Surveillance. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 5. Retrieved from
        • Chilcott, A., Fife, K., Lowry, J., Moran, J., Oke, A., Sexton, A., Thethi, J. (2021) Against Whitewashing: The Recent History of Anti-Racist Action in the British Archives Sector. The International Journal of Information Diversity, & Inclusion, 5 (1). Retrieved from
        • Caswell, M. (2017). Teaching to Dismantle White Supremacy in Archives. The Library Quarterly, 87(3), 222-235. Retrieved from 
        • Caswell, M. (2014). Inventing New Archival Imaginaries: Theoretical Foundations for Identity-Based Community Archives. In Identity Palimpsests: Ethnic Archiving in the U.S. and Canada, edited by Dominique Daniel and Amalia Levi. Sacramento, CA: Litwin.
        • Caswell, M., Broman, G., Kirmer, J., Martin, L., & Sowry, N. (2012). Implementing a Social Justice Framework in an Introduction to Archives Course: Lessons from Both Sides of the Classroom. InterActions: UCLA Journal of Education and Information Studies, 8(2).
        • Dunbar, A. (2006). Introducing critical race theory to archival discourse: Getting the conversation started. Archival Science 6, 109-129.
        • Eagle, J.H. (2019). “I Want Them to Know We Suffer Here”: Preserving Records of Migrant Detention in Opposition to Racialized Immigration Enforcement Structures. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 5. Retrieved from 
        • Fife, K., & Henthorn, H. (2021) Brick Walls and Tick Boxes: Experiences of Marginalized Workers in the UK Archive Workforce. The International Journal of Information Diversity, & Inclusion, 5 (1). Retrieved from
        • Gilliland, A. (2011). Neutrality, Social Justice, and the Obligations of Archival Education and Educators in the Twenty-First Century. Archival Science 11(3–4), 193–209.
        • Kim, E. (2017). Appraising Newness: Whiteness, Neoliberalism & the Building of the Archive for New Poetry. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(2). Retrieved from 
        • McCracken, K. & Hogan, S-S. (2021) Laughter Filled the Space: Challenging Euro-Centric Archival Spaces. The International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion, 5(1). Retrieved from
        • Ramirez, M.H. (2015). Being assumed not to be: A critique of whiteness as an archival imperative. The American Archivist, 78(2), 339-356. doi:10.17723/0360-9081.78.2.339 
        • Robinson-Sweet, A. (2021)'s Race Stories: Examining Whiteness on the Genealogy Web. The International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion, 5 (1). Retrieved from
        • Sutherland, T. (2017). Archival Amnesty: In Search of Black American Transitional and Restorative Justice. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(2). Retrieved from 
        • Sutherland, T. & Purcell, A. (2021) A Weapon and a Tool: Decolonizing Description and Embracing Redescription as Liberatory Archival Praxis. The International Journal of Informaton, Diversity, & Inclusion, 5 (1). Retrieved from
        • Williams, S. & Drake, J. (2017). Power to the People: Documenting Police Violence in Cleveland. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(2). Retrieved from 
Online Articles


Podcast Episodes

    Resources Lists




    705-1 Eglinton Ave. East

    Toronto ON

    M4P 3A1

    (647) 343-3334

    Powered by Wild Apricot Membership Software